My Perfect Mortgage
DSCR Cash Out Refinance for Rental Property
6 minute read
August 4, 2023

With a Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) loan, you can refinance your rental property – and even take cash out – without supplying personal income information.

Investors and self-employed individuals have a hard time qualifying for conventional loans from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Documenting personal income is too onerous, and rates are sky-high.

That’s where a DSCR loan comes in. Whether you want to refinance a recent rehab project into a long-term loan, or take cash out to expand your portfolio, a DSCR cash-out refinance has you covered.

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  • Rate Protect (Lock & Shop) lock in your rate before you even find a home!

How does a DSCR loan work?

Lenders can approve a loan based on the property’s income instead of your personal income.

They rely on the debt service coverage ratio, or DSCR, for qualification. DSCR is the comparison between a property’s income and the full payment.

DSCR =  Income / Payment

For example, a property has a $1,500 payment – including principal, interest, taxes, insurance, and HOA. Its rental income is $2,000 per month. It has a DSCR of 1.33. A DSCR over 1.0 can often be approved, however, some lenders require 1.1-1.5 depending on the property and borrower characteristics.

In short, if your property will cash flow after the cash-out refinance, you may be approved.

For a complete overview of DSCR loans, see our guide.

Why real estate investors like DSCR cash-out refinances

There are plenty of ways investors are leveraging this program to improve their portfolios.

Replace other financing: Use a 30-year fixed DSCR cash-out or no-cash-out refinance to replace short-term financing like a fix-and-flip loan.

Finance another purchase: Tap into a rental property’s equity for the down payment on a new property.

Rehab another property: Get cash out of an existing home to rehab another property in your portfolio.

Get a better rate: The property might be financed at a higher rate currently. Perhaps you used a home equity line, business loan, or other high-rate loan. If today’s DSCR rates are lower, you could get a lower rate while taking cash out.

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DSCR refi example

As-repaired value (ARV)$250,000 
New DSCR loan$187,500 
Closing costs$9,000 
Existing liens$135,000 
Net cash out$43,500 
New payment$1,700 
See if you qualify for a DSCR cash-out loan.

DSCR cash-out refinance guidelines

Here are general guidelines you can expect to meet when using a DSCR loan for cash out.

Loan-to-value (LTV): 75% cash out; 80% rate/term

DSCR: 1.0-1.25 minimum depending on lender

Personal income documentation: None

Minimum credit score: 640-660

Occupancy: Non-owner-occupied only. No primary residences

Property type: Single-family, 1-4 unit, 5+ unit commercial, condo

Property use: Long- and short-term rentals

Proof of value-add: If you recently purchased the property, the lender will verify you added improvements to increase the value

Lease: You may need to provide proof that it’s rented and monthly income

Tax, insurance, HOA: Proof of these costs to calculate DSCR

Loan types available: 30-year fixed, adjustable rate

Min/Max loan: Typical minimum loan amount of $75,000-$100,000. Maximum loan could be in the millions assuming it cash flows

Max properties owned: Most lenders do not cap the number of properties you can own

Prepay penalty: You might opt for a prepay penalty to reduce your rate

Closing in LLC: Most DSCR lenders allow you to close in the name of an LLC

DSCR cash-out refinance seasoning

The typical DSCR cash-out refinance seasoning requirement for most lenders is 3-6 months.

This means that you must have purchased the home at least 3-6 months prior to the refinance. You may also have to prove that you completed improvements.

Seasoning requirements apply if you are seeking a new loan based on a higher value than the purchase price.

However, here are ways around these rules.

No-seasoning cash-out DSCR: A few DSCR lenders will allow a cash-out refinance any time after purchase as long as you can document improvements and that it’s leased.

Learn more: No-Seasoning DSCR Cash-Out Refinance.

Delayed financing: In some cases, you can refinance immediately for around 80% of the original purchase price if you paid cash and you are simply reimbursing yourself. However, your LTV can’t be based on a higher as-repaired value.

DSCR cash-out refinance rates

Cash-out rates will be higher than standard standard DSCR rates. These loans are generally higher risk than a purchase loan, which translates to the rate.

However, rates may not be as high as other options. Comparing a DSCR loan to a conventional cash-out, you could very well do better.

Here are fees Fannie Mae would add to an investment property cash-out at 75% LTV and 720 credit score.

Cash-out 75% LTV: +2.0% fee

Investment property: +2.125% fee

This 4.125% fee add-on would equate to a $10,300 fee on a $250,000 loan. Even if you could increase your rate in lieu of the fee (which most lenders could not do with today’s pricing), you would end up at a rate near 10%.

Why go conventional when you can get a no-income-verification DSCR loan at likely a lower rate?

Request your DSCR loan rate quote. Start here.

DSCR refinance closing costs

Fees will vary depending on lender. Your biggest cost might be points. Most DSCR lenders charge 1-4 points depending on the property and borrower. Your lender could charge different or additional fees compared to the below list.

Credit report, flood cert, other standard checks$200

Refinancing an existing DSCR loan

You can use a DSCR cash-out refinance to replace an existing DSCR loan. Perhaps the property cash flows better now, or you have more experience or a better FICO score. Any of these factors may improve your rate.

Check your prepayment penalty

Be sure to check your existing loan’s prepayment penalty. Many non-QM loans come with penalties of up to 3% of the loan amount for refinancing within 1-3 years. If you have a prepay penalty, make sure the refinance still pencils out despite paying this extra fee to the former lender.

DSCR cash-out alternatives

Bank statement loans: These loans use bank deposits to prove income rather than tax returns. They are available on investment properties from some lenders

Private lending: Some banks will offer your business a loan. These often don’t have seasoning requirements.

Business cash flow loan: Services like Nectar offer your overall business a source of financing as long as your business is profitable and is looking to buy or improve additional cash-flowing assets.

Home equity line of credit: If you have enough equity in your primary home, you could use it as a source of additional funding instead of a new loan on the property. However, this encumbers your personal assets with business assets, which isn’t always a good idea. You could also get a HELOC on an investment property.

A DSCR cash-out refinance is a great tool for the right investor

In the hands of the right investor profile, a DSCR cash-out refinance is a powerful tool to improve, stabilize, or expand a portfolio.

Get in touch with a reputable DSCR cash-out lender to start your quote.

Our advise is based on experience in the mortgage industry and we are dedicated to helping you achieve your goal of owning a home. We may receive compensation from partner banks when you view mortgage rates listed on our website.